The Lutheran Fortified Church in Cristian (Neustadt), Brașov County-Romania

Cristian, in German Neustadt, is a small village located near the city of Brașov (Kronstadt). Similar to the latter, Cristian was founded by the German colonists in late 13th-early 14th century; these were coming from Rhineland, Thuringia, and Wallonia, and became known as Saxons. Until well after the First World War, the majority of population…

The Mihail Palace in Craiova, south-western Romania

This ecclectic style palace designed in a combination of French academism and late Baroque is located in the center of Craiova, the most important city of the historical region of Oltenia, an area situated on the geographical southern part of Romania. It resembles the Cheverny Palace that can be found on Loire Valley. The construction…

Christmas Markets in Berlin, December 2019

On this Christmas season, Berlin`s municipal authorities organized markets around most of the major landmarks: Alexanderplatz, Gendarmenmarkt, Breitsheidplatz, Potsdamer Platz. All of them abounded in traditional German Christmas decorations made of wood or glass, as well as in cosy places like restaurants and food stalls where people could taste gluhwein, delicious marzipan, apple pie, and…

Hanukkah in Berlin

One important part of the Jewish celebration known as Hanukkah (The Festival of Lights) is the lighting of the nine-branched candelabrum (menorah)*. The branches refer to the eight nights and days that are observed in the Jewish tradition to honour the rededication of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, during the uprising of the Jewish people…

Entrance Gates of Houses in South-Eastern Transylvania (Râșnov/Rosenau and Cristian/Neustadt)

South-Eastern Transylvania, also known as the `Small Transylvania` or `Bârsa Land`, comprises several towns and villages roughly located in the lower basin of the Carpathian Mountains. Since medieval times, these were places inhabited by Saxons, Hungarians, and Romanians, and they represented stops on the trade route which eventually led, from the other side of the…

Children Portraits at the Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art (Bentonville​, Arkansas)

The manner a society relates to children is telling for its economic and cultural level, in other words, for its developmental stage. A liberal society will tend to be more empowering towards its children, whereas a conservative society will focus on the obedience of children. This simple idea is clearly expressed by the children portraits displayed…