Markers of Jewish Identity on the Polish Territory: North to South, East to West

Irrespective of your point of departure or arrival, remnants of Jewish life are everywhere on Polish territory. Poland, once host of the second biggest community of Jews on the continent (the Russian Empire was on the first rank), is now witness to the complex process of the reconstruction of bonds. These bonds concern multiple generations,…

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Baroque, Neo-Classic, and Folk Motives on Ceilings in Lower Silesia

Lower Silesia (in Polish-Dolny Śląsk, in Czech-Dolní Slezsko, in German-Niederschlesien) is a region located in south-western territory of today`s Poland but, historically, an area equally influenced by Polish, Czech, German, and Austrian cultures. It is a region exceptionally rich in natural resources and landscapes. As it is often the case, the variety and complexity of…

Bookish Businesses

Bookmobiles or mobile libraries have been a constant presence in cities, Western world and Eastern bloc alike. In the former, the idea that stood at the basis of such an enterprise was Andrew Carnegie`s project according to which each person should have both financial and intellectual access to books; in the latter, it was thought…

Faces and Characters of the Jewish Ghettos of Lʼviv (Ukraine) and Bucharest (Romania): History, Memory, Literature

The present article tells the story of two different types of Jewish communities, the Ashkenazi Jews living in Lʼviv, the capital of what was once Galicia, region within the Habsburg Monarchy (1), and the Sephardic Jews living in Bucharest, the capital of what were once the Danubian Principalities (2). The few existing stories speak about…

Art Nouveau Style Inspired Lamps and Ceilings (some examples)

It is commonly agreed that Art Nouveau was equally fascinating when it came to home interiors. From West to East, from Brussels to Tbilisi, the artists who adopted this trend practised their imagination on chairs, bed tables, and even curtains` printed patterns. They let their flight of fantasy dwell on so-called classic models of Art…

Round Metal and Ceramic Stoves in Satu-Mare/Szatmárnémeti and Carei/Nagykárolyi (North-Western Transylvania)

When saying `round stove`, the stylish and beautiful Swedish Kakelugnar comes to mind or their Italian version, La Castellamonte. This type of stoves serves a functional as well as an aesthetic role. By their round shape they occupy less space than the rectangular ones, yet their circular surface allows an entire range of designs, from…

Design Objects of Administrative Buildings in Transylvania in the Nineteenth Century: Tile Stoves of the Current Museum of Art of Baia-Mare/Nagybánia

On 1st of May Street at no. 8, in the Old Town of Baia-Mare/Nagybánia, there is the building hosting the county Museum of Art, the so-called Artistic Centre Baia-Mare. The two-floor construction was built at the end of the eighteenth century on a less ambitious scale, and improved at the beginning of the twentieth century,…

Always Look Up: Rain Pipes, Flag Pole Holders, and Weather Vanes on Some Buildings in Northern Transylvania

When looking to a construction built in any of the turn of the century architectural styles, ranging from Art Nouveau to Gothic revival, people usually admire the facade and its ornaments made of pillars, bas-reliefs, or other human and floral representations. The roof parts have their own share of admiration too, but it is also…

Bucharest, Site of Memory. A Guide (Review)

Bukareszt, Miasto pamięci. Przewodnik (Bucharest, Site of Memory. A Guide), Warsaw, 2017, Published by The Circle of Students in History of Warsaw University (The Institute of History of Warsaw University), 265 p., includes: bibliography and references, map, graphs, photo, lexicon of local personalities, and modern Romaniaʼs calendar of major political events This travel guide dedicated…

Andrew Martin, Belles and Whistles. Journeys through Time on Britainʼs Trains, London, Profile Books, 2015

Andrew Martin, Belles[1] and Whistles. Journeys through Time on Britainʼs Trains [Clopoței și fluiere. Călătorii prin timp în trenurile britanice], Londra, Profile Books, 2015 (prezenta ediție), 281 p., ilustrații ,,Timp de cel puțin două generații, în majoritatea regiunilor, toate sosirile și plecările importante au fost prin intermediul trenului...Cele două șine care dispăreau la orizont simbolizau…